Prof Gaëlle Vallée-Tourangeau will be presenting a paper and hosting a workshop at the Third International Conference on Interactivity, Language and Cognition.
Wednesday, 29th June 2016 – Friday 1st July
Kingston University, Knights Park
Presentation: Wed 29th June, 14:00, Location TK402
Framing volte-face: The description-experience gap in risky choice framing
Building upon the description-experience gap, we examined whether the classical framing effect observed with the Asian Disease problem could be reversed when people make decisions from experience. Ninety- five university students were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: Description (where the problem was presented on paper), Sampling (where the participants were allowed to sample through the outcomes presented as a pack of cards) and Interactive (where the participants were invited to spread out all possible outcomes in a sample) and made three gain-framed choices and three loss-framed choices, with two filler tasks after the first three choices. The results revealed a significant interaction effect between framing and choice condition. In the Description choice condition, participants were more risk-seeking with loss-framed problems. This pattern was reversed in the Sampling choice condition where participants were more risk- seeking with gain frames. Finally, the Interactive choice condition resulted in a classic pattern of framing effect, whereby people were more risk averse in the domain of gains. The discussion focuses on the implications of these results for the description-experience choice “gap” and call for a better understanding of the role interactivity may play in fostering a richer representation of outcome probabilities in risky choices.
Workshop: Thurs 30 June, 09:00 – 11:00. Location TK401
From computers to cultures: A Cross-disciplinary study of the concept of interactivity
The study of interactivity spreads over many disciplines and topics, from human-computer interactions, interactive learning, interactive communication, cross-cultural interaction, interaction management, interactive marketing or interactive decision-making and problem-solving, to name a few. Yet, it remains an elusive concept which may be used to describe processes taking place in different systems (cultures, organisations, groups, dyads, human-artefact systems) with different social, cognitive and behavioural outcomes. This workshop will bring together scholars from different disciplines with the objective to share and discuss different approaches to study interactivity and its impact on cognition and behaviour.
Talk: Thurs 30 June, 10.00-10.2. Location TK401
Cognitive Interactivity and the Systemic Thinking Model (SysTM)
In this talk, I will review the limitations of the classical information processing model for explaining how cognitive events emerge and show that we could better understand how people actually think by reinstating their hands, and allowing them to manipulate information both in their mind and in their immediate environment. Such manipulations make a difference to the way people think. I will introduce a new model of cognition, the Systemic Thinking Model (SysTM) which builds upon the classical information processing model to account for this difference. SysTM introduces two new concepts: the concept of cognitive interactivity to refer to the emergence of cognitive events from the meshing of mental processing with the transformative actions of a thinking agent on her immediate environment; and the concept of affordance pool to refer to a short term storage of action possibilities in working memory conceived as sitting alongside the classical visuo-spatial sketchpad for imagery and the phonological loop for sounds. I will conclude this presentation by illustrating how SysTM can be used to derive new predictions and guide the study of cognitive interactivity.
For further information about this event please visit The International Society for the Study of Interactivity, Language, and Cognition website, the conference programme, abstract and workshop details can be found here.