DART PhD research student Niyat Henok, will be speaking at International Conference on Thinking on Saturday 6th August 2016.
Thursday 4th August -Saturday 6th, 2016
Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
DOES INTERACTIVITY HELP OR INHIBIT TRANSFER? THE ROLE OF TRANSFER AND MATERIAL INTERACTION IN INSIGHT PROBLEM SOLVING.
The ‘Aha!’ experience, the sudden burst of insight, has often been explained through an internal cognitive framework. However, external actions may facilitate insight. The role of transfer and material interaction in insight problem-solving was investigated using the Cheap Necklace Problem. In Experiment 1, participants completed the same problem twice after a two-week gap either usinga standard paper-and-pencil questionnaire or using physical artefacts. Performance, measured as successful completion of the task, was substantially better with increased interactivity. All participants demonstrated transfer as they significantly improved in performance and were faster to reach a solution after the two-week gap. Experiment 2 measured the role of transfer and material interaction when the problem presentation changes after the two-week gap (low-interactivity to high-interactivity or high-interactivity to low-interactivity). Transfer was evident with improved performance after the two-week gap and improved latencies to solution. Transfer was better facilitated for problem-solvers who were presented with the low-interactivity version first, then experienced the interactive version. These quantitative findings were extended through a detailed qualitative video analysis of problem solving strategies in order to examine the exhaustive interactions between a problem-solver and his/her environment. The role of interactivity will be discussed with reference to the distributed cognition framework.
PROF GAËLLE VALLÉE-TOURANGEAU
PROF FRÉDÉRIC VALLÉE-TOURANGEAU
Read more about Niyat’s PhD project.