On Wednesday, 15th November @ 11am – 12, DART will be welcoming Prof. Jacob Lund Orquin to present his current research in the field of eye tracking in behavioural decision making. If you wish to attend please register your attendance on Eventbrite, places are limited.
Title: Implicit Statistical Learning in Real-World Environments Leads to Ecologically Rational Decision Making
Abstract: Ecological rationality results from matching decision strategies to appropriate environmental structures, but how does the matching happen? We propose that people learn the statistical structure of the environment through observation and use this learned structure to guide ecologically rational behavior. We tested this hypothesis in the context of organic foods. In Study 1, we found that products from healthful food categories are more likely to be organic than products from nonhealthful food categories. In Study 2, we found that consumers’ perceptions of the healthfulness and prevalence of organic products in many food categories are accurate. Finally, in Study 3, we found that people perceive organic products as more healthful than nonorganic products when the statistical structure justifies this inference. Our findings suggest that people believe organic foods are more healthful than nonorganic foods and use an organic-food cue to guide their behavior because organic foods are, on average, 30% more healthful.