Take part in DART research!

Members of the DART research group regularly conducts behavioural science studies and experiments to better understand how individuals and professionals make decisions, perceive and communicate risks, and innovate to solve problems and to find out how we can improve people’s ability to achieve better outcomes for themselves, at work, and in the wider society.

If you would like to learn about our work and be invited to take part in our studies, you can register your details here. When we run a new study, we will send you an email giving you information about the study and details about what you need to do to participate. Some studies will take place online while others will take place at the Kingston Business School (KT2 7LB).

Thank you for your interest and support!

Exploring feelings of insight – New #DARTseminar

On Monday 5th of November, PhD Candidate Margaret Webb, from the University of Melbourne, presented a research seminar entitled: Exploring the cognitive processes underlying, individual differences associated with, and methods used to investigate, feelings of insight.

The seminar was hosted by Prof Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau from 1-2pm in room JG2004 (Penrhyn road campus, KT1 2EE).

Abstract

As scientists, we are motivated by moments in which we feel we have a sudden insight into something novel and important. These moments can seem independent from our incremental science and are often accompanied by an exclamation, the so-called aha experience. Moments of insight have a profound effect on motivation, learning, and memory, and have long been investigated using so-called insight problems. However, the long history investigating accuracy in insight problem solving does not extend to measurements of feeling insightful. We examine whether the individual differences underlying problem solving extend to feelings of insight. We focus on measures of divergent and convergent thinking (respectively, the ability to produce diverse possibilities, and the ability to deduce the most fitting solution from a range) and on unusual experiences (a sub-scale of schizotypy which includes the tendency to perceive patterns in noise). Across five studies, we (1) explore the current methods of investigating individual differences underlying insight, (2) outline some pertinent issues regarding the assumptions and techniques in the current state of the art, and (3) apply our adapted methodologies. Ultimately, we found that intelligence and convergent thinking are important for achieving the solution of insight problems but that divergent thinking, particularly originality of thought, is more important for feeling insightful.

Behavioural Science at Work: Pre-workshop activity

In preparation of our upcoming workshop on behavioural science at work, there are a couple of things you could do:

  • Watch this short introduction about behavioural science:
  • Prepare an answer to the following questions:
    • What is behavioural science?
    • Which disciplines does behavioural science on?
    • What is behavioural science aiming to understand?
    • In what ways can behavioural science be beneficial to business, management and human resources?

If you have any particular questions or comments you would like to discuss at the workshop, feel free to leave a message below!

We look forward to seeing you and talk about this in more details!

What makes intergenerational relations successful at work? #DARTseminar

On Wednesday 3rd of October, Dr Ulrike Fasbender, currently a research fellow at Birbeck, University of London, gave a very interesting talk on the key factors involved in making intergenerational relations successful at work.

Abstract

The number of older workers is increasing dramatically due to demographic changes, and organizations need to attract and utilize the human resources offered by aging workforces.

In this study, we examine how intergroup contact can facilitate older workers’ coworker-support behavior. Specifically, we combine socio-emotional selectivity theory with a social mindfulness lens to predict that high quality exposure to younger coworkers motivates older workers to engage in perspective taking and empathic concern, which, in turn, facilitates their provision of instrumental and emotional support toward younger coworkers. In addition, we test the applicability of socio-emotional selectivity theory in later adulthood by examining how older workers’ age might shape the effect of their contact quality with younger workers on their perspective taking and empathic concern. We tested our hypotheses using time-lagged data from a sample of 756 older workers. Results showed that both perspective taking and empathic concern mediated the positive effect of contact quality on support behaviors toward younger coworkers. In addition, older age was associated with a stronger effect of contact quality on empathic concern. Overall, we extend the existing literature by focusing on the role of intergroup contact in influencing older workers’ behavior toward younger coworkers, thereby moving beyond previous research that exclusively focused on younger workers’ attitudes toward older workers.

Speaker’s bio

Dr. Ulrike Fasbender
Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Germany
Visiting Research Fellow at Birkbeck, University of London

Since 2017, I am working as Assistant Professor for the Work and Organizational Psychology team at the Justus-Liebig-University Giessenin Germany. Also, I am Visiting Research Fellow at Oxford Brookes University, and Visiting Fellow at Birkbeck, University of London in the United Kingdom. My research interest is about late career development, transition to retirement, diversity management, and intergenerational relationships at work. I have published my research in various journals, such as Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Journal of Vocational Behavior, or Journal of Managerial Psychology.

I have recently received funding from the British Academy to conduct research on intergenerational contact and cooperation at work while visiting Birkbeck, University of London (Award Reference: VF1\100674). Specifically, I am interested in the ways that older and younger colleagues operate at work to understand: What Makes Intergenerational Relations Successful at Work?

Behavioural Science at Work: An introduction

On Friday 5th October, Prof Gaëlle Vallée-Tourangeau (Head of the Decisions, Attitudes, Risk and Thinking research group) and Mr Samuel Keightly (Behaviourial Science Lab manager) will lead a workshop introducing the behavioural science research approach and its methods.

Behavioural science is the branch of psychology which explores people’s cognitive processes and the interaction between cognition and behaviours. Behavioural scientists are interested in people’s thoughts, their cognitive and behavioural performance. The main research strategy of behavioural science is the so-called experimental research strategy as behavioural scientists seek to establish and demonstrate cause-and-effect relationships between variables. To accomplish this goal, researchers conduct randomised experiments where they manipulate one or more variables and evaluate the effect of their manipulation on behavioural and cognitive measures. In this workshop you will be introduced to the experimental research strategy in more details and how it may be applied to work and business psychology issues. Its application will be illustrated with various behavioural measures (risk-taking, reaction times, video recording, eye-tracking) and research topics (risk taking, cognitive performance, and problem-solving). The session will conclude with a discussion of the advantages and limitations of behavioural science and the experimental research strategy approach as well as suggestions for those interested in learning more about this approach. As part of the session, you will be given the opportunity to go on a guided visit the Behavioural Science Lab and take part in a clerical computer performance study.

To register your interest, please RSVP on the link below:

https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/behavioural-science-at-work-an-introduction-tickets-50847055913

Prof Gaëlle Vallée-Tourangeau

I am a professor of organisational behaviour and Director of the DART research group. I am interested in the role played by social, physical and/or mental processes in knowledge work performance. My areas of research expertise include occupational vaccination decisions, the mediating role of interactivity in cognitive performance, as well the role of intuition and deliberation a.k.a. “fast and slow” thinking in knowledge work and creativity.

Email | Twitter | ResearchGateLinkedIn

Prof Cilla Harries

I am a Professor of Occupational Therapy and Associate Dean of Research at the Joint Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education at Kingston University & St George’s, University of London. My research interests are in judgement and decision-making, clinical reasoning, the study of intuitive expert thinking and evidence based education. I’m looking to collaborate on studies of professional, patient or shared decision making and to facilitate introductions to academics in the Faculty at St George’s, University of London or Kingston University or to members of the Royal College of Occupational Therapists.

Email | Twitter | ResearchGateLinkedIn