I am a professor of organisational behaviour and Director of the DART research group. I am interested in the role played by social, physical and/or mental processes in knowledge work performance. My areas of research expertise include occupational vaccination decisions, the mediating role of interactivity in cognitive performance, as well the role of intuition and deliberation a.k.a. “fast and slow” thinking in knowledge work and creativity.
The Development of a New Scale to Measure a New Construct.
On Thursday 16th May 2019 11:30 – 12:30 in KHBS 3024, Dr Anna Paolillo will be presenting a recent collaborative paper on the development of the subjective risk intelligence scale.
If you wish to attend please register your attendance below, places are limited.
In our modern society, risk and uncertainty have been identified as prominent characteristics. This implies that individuals need to develop new psychological resources to face unpredictable changes and to consider risk and uncertainty as opportunities.
In this context, the construct of Subjective Risk Intelligence is defined as the ability to effectively assess pros and cons of a decision, in situations where the outcomes are uncertain. Risk intelligent individuals can be described as being able to effectively evaluating risky situations, considering opportunities and threats, developing a positive attitude in uncertain situations and facing the unpredictability with creativity and emotional control. Considering the scarce literature on this construct, the present study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of a Subjective Risk Intelligence Scale (SRIS). Specifically, we: (1) verified the five factorial model of SRIS; (2) explored its measurement equivalence across gender, and (3) assessed the concurrent and discriminant validities of the scale.
The findings have important implications for both educational and therapeutic interventions.
We hope to see you there!
Video for Market-Oriented Ethnographies in NPD
On Thursday 9th May 2019 11:30 – 12:30 in KHBS 2038, Dr Evy Sakellariou will be presenting a recent paper on the development of an advanced market-oriented ethnographic method, more specifically the use of video-based ethnographic narratives. If you wish to attend please register your attendance below, places are limited.
We develop “video-based ethnographic narratives” as an advanced market-oriented ethnographic mode for capturing user insight and user innovation. As a method “video-based ethnographic narratives” stimulate emic and epic research perspectives that complement each other. The use of video-recording and contextual observation (emic) reveals novel, detailed and actionable user insights. The adoption of systematic data analysis and sharing of interpretations (etic) results in establishing more general patterns and relationships between antecedents and outcomes. We provide guidelines that acknowledge the inherent flexibility of ethnography and provide rigor in the conduct of video-based ethnographic research. As an illustrative example, we discuss a video-based ethnographic narrative of ordinary user innovation as it is manifested in social practice. This study is first-of-type and contributes to market research and user innovation streams of literature; it integrates narrative theory with practice-based theory to uncover the antecedents of ordinary user innovation namely user “logos” (in user experience), “ethos” (emotions for the task), “pathos” (overarching values) and, “topos” (work-space). The findings are integrated into a new conceptual framework for further testing.
We hope to see you there!
On Thursday 21st March 2019 11:30 – 12:30 in KHBS 2025, Dr. Amélie Gourdon-Kanhukamwe will be hosting a seminar on the statistical analysis program: JASP
It’s time to break-up with SPSS!
Have you ever thought SPSS (the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) was ‘so last century’? Have you ever wished using SPSS with point and click was friendlier? Do you think SPSS cost too much? Are you tempted to explore Bayesian statistics but are not ready to learn R?
JASP (Jeffrey’s Amazing Statistics Program) is a software originally developed by a team at the University of Amsterdam, as an open-source project. It is free to use and supported by funding that will allow the team to develop the software in the long term.
‘JASP is further distinct from SPSS in two ways. The user interface was developed so that it is more intuitive and user-friendly. For example, if one makes a mistake after clicking OK on their analysis, they can edit that analysis directly, instead of running it again. Secondly, JASP not only offers the main frequentist tests SPSS allows one to do, but it also often offers users to test the same hypothesis in a Bayesian framework.
Many researchers will minimize issues with SPSS by working through the syntax, and these skills should be encouraged. Where possible, I also think learning R should not be shied away from (and I very much need to remind myself this). However, I have experienced JASP as a much friendlier tool, in particular when it comes to demonstrating to students how to perform hypothesis testing. For example, where SPSS produces outputs containing information that does not need reporting, JASP will provide only what is needed in a standard report (as per psychology standards). This is also useful when considering students with learning difficulties, who may find SPSS outputs overwhelming.
This seminar intends to demonstrate the superiority of JASP over SPSS, by performing a few hypothesis tests, both with a frequentist approach and a Bayesian one. Seminar attendees are encouraged to download JASP before the seminar, and to bring their laptop in the seminar so they can practice during the presentation if they wish to.’
For further information about this event:
Contact: Amelie Gourdon-Kanhukamwe
We hope to see you there!
Improving communications about health risks and cervical cancer screening
On Friday 25th January 2019 13:00 – 14:00 in KHBS 1006, Associate Prof. Yasmina Okan from Leeds University Business School, will be presenting current research from the field: Psychology of Judgment and Decision Making. The talk will concern improving communications about health risks and cervical cancer screening. If you wish to attend please register your attendance below, places are limited.
Population screening aims to reduce the risk of developing a given disease or detect early stages of the disease, enabling earlier treatment. Yet, screening can also be associated with risks such as overdiagnosis and overtreatment. To make informed decisions about screening participation, invitees need information on both benefits and risks of screening, which is often provided through written materials (e.g., leaflets and web-based materials). However, quantitative information in screening communications can be challenging, even among educated audiences. Communications that are not well understood can lead to undue concern and undermine informed uptake. I will present the results of a project funded by Cancer Research UK, which focuses on improving communications about cervical cancer screening. Cervical screening can reduce both cervical cancer incidence and mortality, and is hence offered by the NHS to women across the UK. However, it is also associated with potential risks such as treatment of abnormal cells that would have cleared up on their own. In a series of studies, we examined (1) how cervical screening information is communicated in UK websites, (2) how cervical screening invitees interpret the NHS leaflet designed to support screening decisions, and (3) what is the prevalence of misunderstandings. Studies included a systematic analysis of website content and format, cognitive think-aloud interviews, and an online survey involving respondents across England with varying demographic characteristics. will discuss the implications of the findings for the design of information about cancer screening and decision support. I will also discuss related ongoing work examining how to improve communications about different health risks using simple graphical displays (e.g., icon arrays).
Yasmina Okan is a Cancer Research Fellow / Associate Professor in Behavioural Decision Making and Management at Leeds Business School. Prior to joining Leeds Univerisity in October 2013, Yasmina worked at various international locations, including the University of Granada (where she completed her PhD), the Max Planck Institute for Human Development (Germany) and Michigan Technological University (US), where she was an international visiting researcher.
Her research interests and expertise include designing graphical displays for risk communication, contextual and emotional factors in moral judgment and decision making.
If you wish to find more out about Yasmina, visit her institutional profile: https://business.leeds.ac.uk/about-us/our-people/staff-directory/profile/yasmina-okan/
Here is also a short video of Yasmina discussing her research topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQ_oHf3YGNM
We hope to see you there!
Behavioural Science podcasts
- Action Design by the Action Design Network
Podcast exploring a variety of topics through a behavioral science and psychology lens hosted by Erik Johnson and Zarak Khan.
- O Behave By Ogilvy Consulting
A monthly behavioural science podcast from Ogilvy Consulting
Behavioural Science videos
- The P-Curve
Members of the DART research group regularly conducts behavioural science studies and experiments to better understand how individuals and professionals make decisions, perceive and communicate risks, and innovate to solve problems and to find out how we can improve people’s ability to achieve better outcomes for themselves, at work, and in the wider society.
If you would like to learn about our work and be invited to take part in our studies, you can register your details here. When we run a new study, we will send you an email giving you information about the study and details about what you need to do to participate. Some studies will take place online while others will take place at the Kingston Business School (KT2 7LB).
Thank you for your interest and support!
On Monday 5th of November, PhD Candidate Margaret Webb, from the University of Melbourne, presented a research seminar entitled: Exploring the cognitive processes underlying, individual differences associated with, and methods used to investigate, feelings of insight.
The seminar was hosted by Prof Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau from 1-2pm in room JG2004 (Penrhyn road campus, KT1 2EE).
As scientists, we are motivated by moments in which we feel we have a sudden insight into something novel and important. These moments can seem independent from our incremental science and are often accompanied by an exclamation, the so-called aha experience. Moments of insight have a profound effect on motivation, learning, and memory, and have long been investigated using so-called insight problems. However, the long history investigating accuracy in insight problem solving does not extend to measurements of feeling insightful. We examine whether the individual differences underlying problem solving extend to feelings of insight. We focus on measures of divergent and convergent thinking (respectively, the ability to produce diverse possibilities, and the ability to deduce the most fitting solution from a range) and on unusual experiences (a sub-scale of schizotypy which includes the tendency to perceive patterns in noise). Across five studies, we (1) explore the current methods of investigating individual differences underlying insight, (2) outline some pertinent issues regarding the assumptions and techniques in the current state of the art, and (3) apply our adapted methodologies. Ultimately, we found that intelligence and convergent thinking are important for achieving the solution of insight problems but that divergent thinking, particularly originality of thought, is more important for feeling insightful.
In preparation of our upcoming workshop on behavioural science at work, there are a couple of things you could do:
- Watch this short introduction about behavioural science:
- Prepare an answer to the following questions:
- What is behavioural science?
- Which disciplines does behavioural science on?
- What is behavioural science aiming to understand?
- In what ways can behavioural science be beneficial to business, management and human resources?
If you have any particular questions or comments you would like to discuss at the workshop, feel free to leave a message below!
We look forward to seeing you and talk about this in more details!
On Wednesday 3rd of October, Dr Ulrike Fasbender, currently a research fellow at Birbeck, University of London, gave a very interesting talk on the key factors involved in making intergenerational relations successful at work.
The number of older workers is increasing dramatically due to demographic changes, and organizations need to attract and utilize the human resources offered by aging workforces.
In this study, we examine how intergroup contact can facilitate older workers’ coworker-support behavior. Specifically, we combine socio-emotional selectivity theory with a social mindfulness lens to predict that high quality exposure to younger coworkers motivates older workers to engage in perspective taking and empathic concern, which, in turn, facilitates their provision of instrumental and emotional support toward younger coworkers. In addition, we test the applicability of socio-emotional selectivity theory in later adulthood by examining how older workers’ age might shape the effect of their contact quality with younger workers on their perspective taking and empathic concern. We tested our hypotheses using time-lagged data from a sample of 756 older workers. Results showed that both perspective taking and empathic concern mediated the positive effect of contact quality on support behaviors toward younger coworkers. In addition, older age was associated with a stronger effect of contact quality on empathic concern. Overall, we extend the existing literature by focusing on the role of intergroup contact in influencing older workers’ behavior toward younger coworkers, thereby moving beyond previous research that exclusively focused on younger workers’ attitudes toward older workers.
Dr. Ulrike Fasbender
Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Germany
Visiting Research Fellow at Birkbeck, University of London
Since 2017, I am working as Assistant Professor for the Work and Organizational Psychology team at the Justus-Liebig-University Giessenin Germany. Also, I am Visiting Research Fellow at Oxford Brookes University, and Visiting Fellow at Birkbeck, University of London in the United Kingdom. My research interest is about late career development, transition to retirement, diversity management, and intergenerational relationships at work. I have published my research in various journals, such as Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Journal of Vocational Behavior, or Journal of Managerial Psychology.
I have recently received funding from the British Academy to conduct research on intergenerational contact and cooperation at work while visiting Birkbeck, University of London (Award Reference: VF1\100674). Specifically, I am interested in the ways that older and younger colleagues operate at work to understand: What Makes Intergenerational Relations Successful at Work?